The Anatomy of Ransomware

The concept of holding sensitive data for ransom is new, but has become a huge threat nevertheless. Attackers have raked in millions of dollars in form of ransom. The attackers have done away with traditional methods that included penetration of the system, breaching security layer and raking over your system. Instead, the malware encrypts the data.

The malware grabs files from mapped drives, locally installed drives and removable drives. The malware encrypts all kinds of files ranging from documents to videos, preventing access. What you get on your computer is a ransom note that counts down.

Kinds of Attacks

Attacks come in different stages. The first step is where you receive a file that redirects you to a site or a download page. The next stage is where the malware executes on your computer, searches for files and encrypts them. The malware then writes the ransom notes for each folder that is encrypted. The malware also generates a random key that keeps track of the files.

The ransom file usually gives you four options, to pay the ransom, to restore the file from backup, brute force the key or lose the files. Should you agree to pay the ransom, the attacker demands for a figure depending on the importance of the files. The ransom varies depending with the number of files that have been encrypted. You pay using Bitcoin, a currency that cannot be tracked to anyone. If you delay, you stand to pay double the amount or even triple. This is why you need to work with AmazingSupport to get rid of the issue.

How Does it Happen

The main access point of this malware is your email. This is because emails are very convincing and the malware can attach to any document. You receive an email of an invoice or a fax. When you open the document, it comes as write-protected, and it redirects you to another file to get the password. Once you click on the file, you execute a process that commences the infection.

The malware then proliferates and moves through the system, attaching on the files that are in its configuration. If you are connected on a network, the malware moves through the ports to infect other computers on the network. It also attaches on thumb drives, making it easy to transfer to other computers.

The Actual Costs

The attacker can’t reveal the ransom that they want. Instead, they determine based on the value of your information. However, the associated cost, both reputation-wise and monetary can be huge. Consider downtime costs, data loss, financial costs and compromised records to understand the real impact of the attack. While the initial costs might not be so significant, the long term effects are costly.

The Solution

You might be wondering what to do after such an attack. If you haven’t been able to prevent it, then the next step is to make sure you remove the malware. These attackers are adept at what they do, and a simple anti-malware program might not be sufficient. What you need is to work with a specialist to remove the malware.

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